Once we discuss education, we cannot avoid two most important the different parts of learning and teaching. We must always take into account emotional and mental attitudes to educational process. Successful education presupposes cognitive improvement of learners against creative background of mental and emotional motivations. Nowadays particular attention is paid to ways of teaching and assessment of knowledge acquisition. It is very good to find out and recognize talented students at the initial stages of educational process and make them to attain their purposes in the top way. In this context, it’s difficult to overvalue the investigations in the regions of memory, motivations, and emotions. No less important can be students’emotional attitude to learning and teaching. Here such factor as college humor plays a substantial part.
Principles and values in education
Those teachers who keep to the proper principles and values in education get useful multifaceted support inside their professional work, helping them to create practical activity most efficient and contributing to enlightenment of the pupils. There are sciences such as for example psychology, sociology, and philosophy that make particular contribution to assisting in logical investigation of behavior and attitudes of the students. The present day education demonstrates the resurgence of interest to these disciplines becoming the inseparable part of most top quality educational programs. Educationalists accumulated significant number of information about learning processes, individual a reaction to teaching, and educational prospects.
Educational psychology and mental way of teaching
Numerous mental approaches to teaching presuppose that education must develop such qualities as intellect and correct attitudes to knowledge keeping to everlasting values. A good choice of the proper material clarifies your brain and increases intellectual potential. The educational is grounded on replication and committing to memory. Intellectual potential of the teacher in cases like this plays particularly significant part. However, this way of teaching also takes into account psychological features of young students. The mental approach understands your brain as an array of comparatively autonomous abilities a course in miracles free. The principles of this approach value such qualities as reason, feelings, knowledge, duty, sound judgment, perception, and action. School subjects are valued for what they’re worth of and for what abilities they develop.
How nature helps to produce emotional attitude to learning
People are caused by natural development and the teacher must create the very best conditions for mental and emotional growth. The student’s personal experience becomes central and educational process should offer the absolute most suitable conditions for the development. In this instance particular attention is paid to action and skills. Teachers want encourage interest to learning with particular reliance upon student’s proper forces and resources, and with particular attention to impulsive, impromptu creativity.
Reflexes and associations in learning and teaching
Understanding how to distinguish objects, terms, symbols, and the language of foreign language, as a matter of fact, is the process of forming conditional reflexes. In this instance the learner creates the tools to fix problems. Learning becomes an active process helping to cope with further tasks. Moreover, not merely the mental abilities, but in addition the emotions might be developed in this way. It’s possible to experience emotional arousal even yet in broader than original associated circumstances. Experts affirm that college humor can become useful contributing emotional component out of this standpoint. These approaches could also explain positive and negative attitudes of students to learning and educational institutions. Learning also presupposes creating of associations between various constituents. Mental and emotional activity makes some ideas conscious at the same time frame sending other thoughts to subconsciousness. New information is related to old ones forming the foundation for associative thinking. Moreover, old associations could also undergo transformations owing to new experience.
Gestalt psychology and education
Gestalt psychologists affirm that the complete is more compared to the simple sum of the composing elements. The educational presupposes assimilation of those components that appear to be most significant with subsequent reconsideration. This multi-level structural approach can result in understanding and solution of numerous problems. The Gestalt approach attracts attention to the notion of the complete, the relations of the composing elements, and modifications of mental structures in the shape of adaptation and adjustment.
Developmental stages and power of knowledge
Educationalists point out to the developmental stages of mental and emotional growth. The teacher must detect the learner’s capabilities and offer suitable resources and techniques to produce them. The growth through various intellectual stages as well as active experience is essential. Cognitive approach pays particular attention to the way of thinking in acquiring knowledge. Perception and action go before the ability to operate with symbols and pave the way for comprehensive thinking. Thinking presupposes the encouragement of intellectual awareness, play with ideas, choosing of suitable suggestions, and substantiation of appropriateness. The incentive to cognitive education is the direct consequence of the learner’s intellectual aspirations and efforts.